Deborah W. Nason Writer. Twitter ninja. Wannabe organizer. Avid troublemaker. Bacon geek. Tv evangelist.

Which of the following are types of literary analysis?

9 min read

  • Cultural analysis. Cultural literary analysis attempts to explain a new understanding of a text using objects, practices, and ideologies representative of a culture’s values, beliefs, and laws.
  • There is a feminist analysis.
  • The new criticism.
  • The analysis is psychological.
  • The reader response analysis has been done.

What are the 4 components of a literary analysis?

The plot, conflict, characters and setting are the elements.

What are the 4 types of literary theories?

  • Is literary theory?
  • There is traditional literary criticism.
  • There is formalism and new criticism.
  • Critical Theory and Marxism are related.
  • Structuralism and poststructuralism are related.
  • There is new historicism and cultural materialism.
  • There are ethnic studies and postmodern criticism.
  • There are gender studies and queer theory.

A description of the underlying principles is what literary theory is all about. It is possible for literary interpretation to serve as a justification for very different types of critical activity. Different approaches for understanding the role of historical context in interpretation and the relevance of linguistic and unconscious elements of the text can be found in literary theory.

For example, to speak of the unity of Oedipus the King invokes the theoretical statements of Aristotle. Chinua Achebe thinks that Joseph Conrad’s The Heart of Darkness doesn’t give full humanity to the Africans because of a postcolonial literary theory. A supporting architecture of feminist and gender theory is called upon by critics who explain the death of Edna Pontellier in The Awakening as a suicide.

In the twentieth century, Plato’s skepticism about signification becomes a central concern for both “Structuralism” and “Poststructuralism.” A belief in reference, the notion that words and images refer to an objective reality, has provided support for theories of literary representation throughout most of Western history.

Art held a mirror up to nature and recorded an objectively real world independent of the observer until the 19th century. German “higher criticism” subjected biblical texts to a radical historicizing that broke with traditional biblical interpretation in one of the earliest developments of literary theory. An approach that anticipated some of the method and spirit of twentieth century theory, particularly “Structuralism” and “New Historicism,” was called “Higher” and analyzed biblical tales in light of comparable narratives from other cultures. In France, the renowned literary critic Charles Augustin Saint Beuve maintained that a work of literature could be explained entirely in terms of biography, while novelist Marcel Proust devoted his life to refuting Saint Beuve in a massive narrative in which he claimed that the details of the life of The dispute was brought up again in the famous declaration of the “Death of the Author” by the French theorist.

See “Structuralism” and “Poststructuralism” Friedrich Nietzsche’s belief that facts are not facts until they have been interpreted is thought to be the greatest influence on literary theory of the 19th century. The partial nature of theoretical approaches to literature is alert to by the etymology of the term “theory” from the Greek “theoria”. An implicit theory that literature is a repository of all that is meaningful and ennobling in the human experience, championed by the Leavis School in Britain, is still an essential justification for the current structure of American. The emphasis on the indeterminacy of signs and texts remains significant even though the moment of “Deconstruction” may have passed.

While literary theory has always implied or directly expressed a conception of the world outside the text, the twentieth century three movements have opened the field of literary studies into a broader area of inquiry. Marxist approaches to literature require an understanding of the primary economic and social bases of culture, since Marxist aesthetic theory sees the work of art as a product, directly or indirectly, of the base structure of society.

Feminism analyzes the production of literature and literary representation within the framework that includes all social and cultural formations as they pertain to the role of women in history. The serious questioning of the so-called metanarratives of history, science, philosophy, and economic and sexual reproduction has been caused by postmodern thought. A subject matter for analysis by the literary theorist has been brought about by Marxist, feminist and postmodern thought.

The major trends in literary theory of this century can be found in the following categories. “Formalism” and “Structuralism” sought to place the study of literature on a scientific basis through objective analysis of the motifs, devices, techniques, and other “functions” that comprise the literary work.

The purpose of literature was to make the stones stonier according to the Formalist adage. The American university in the 1930s and 40s came up with the idea of the new criticism. The French teaching principle of “explication du texte” is similar to “New Criticism” in its emphasis on close reading of the text.

The work of literature was viewed as an aesthetic object independent of historical context and as a unified whole that reflected the artist’s vision. A genre well suited to New Critical practice is the metaphysics of poetry and metaphysics in general. To bring a greater intellectual rigor to literary studies, “New Criticism” focused on careful scrutiny of the text alone and the formal structures of paradoxes, ambiguity, irony, and metaphor, among others. The belief that their readings of poetry would yield a humanizing influence on readers and counter the alienating tendencies of modern, industrial life led to the firing of New Criticism.

In college classrooms, the verbal texture of the poem on the page remains a primary object of literary study. Traditional literary analysis techniques are used by Marxist theorists, who use aesthetic concerns to the final social and political meanings of literature. The development of “New Historicism” and “Cultural Materialism” is a result of Marxist analyses of society and history. After their emigration to the United States, Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, and Herbert Marcuse helped introduce Marxist assessments of culture into American academic life.

One of the components of Critical theory was a critique of the instrumental use of reason in advanced capitalist culture. Creativity and cultural production in advanced capitalist societies were always co-opted by the entertainment needs of an economic system that requires sensory stimulation and recognizable cliché and suppressed the tendency for sustained deliberation. Raymond Williams, Terry Eagleton, Frank Lentricchia, and Fredric Jameson are some of the major Marxist influences on literary theory.

Jameson is known for his impact on Marxist theories of culture and for being one of the leading figures in theoretical postmodernism. Structuralism sought to bring to literary studies a set of objective criteria for analysis and a new intellectual rigor.

There was a divide between “Structuralism” and “Poststructuralism” with the help of the philosopherRoland Barthes. The work of its advocates known by the term “Deconstruction” calls into question the possibility of the coherence of discourse, or the capacity for language to communicate, as “poststructuralism” is less unified as a theoretical movement than its progenitor. Jacques Derrida, the most important theorist of “Deconstruction,” asserts that there is no getting outside text and that no fixed, stable meaning is possible.

Lacanian psychoanalysis extends “Postructuralism” to the human subject with consequences for literary theory. The self is a decentered mass of traces left by our encounter with signs, visual symbols, language, etc. Barthes applies these currents of thought in his famous declaration of Like Barthes, Foucault is a philosopher who has ideas that inform literary theory. Foucault tries to deconstruction the unacknowledged operation of power and knowledge to reveal the ideologies that make domination of one group by another seem natural.

The New Historicism was a new way of looking at history that was inspired by the investigations of discourse and power. A body of theoretical and interpretive practices that began with the study of early modern literature in the United States is called “New Historicism”. The theorists of “Cultural Materialism” in Britain anticipated “New Historicism” in America, which they described as the analysis of all forms of signification, including quite centrally writing, within the actual means and conditions of their country. Both “New Historicism” and “Cultural Materialism” seek to understand literary texts historically and reject the formalizing influence of previous literary studies, including “New Criticism,” “Structuralism” and “Deconstruction.”

The circulation of literary and non-literary texts creates social power within a culture. New Historicist thought is different from traditional historicism.

Texts are examined with an eye for how they reveal the economic and social realities, especially as they produce ideology and represent power or subversion. The representation of marginal/marginalized groups and non-normative behaviors, such as witchcraft, cross-dressing, peasant revolts, and exorcisms, is an example of the need for power. The intellectual belief in the historicity of texts is one of the fundamental axioms of the New Historicism movement. The idea of culture as a self-regulating system was the work of Levi-Strauss.

Gramsci believes that domination is achieved through culturally-orchestrated consent rather than force, and that power is ubiquitous and cannot be equated with state or economic power. During the 1980’s, “New Historicism” drew criticism from the political left for its depiction of counter-cultural expression as always co-opted by the dominant discourses. New Historicism continues to have a major influence on the humanities and literary studies. There is an obvious historical relationship betweenEthnic Studies and Postcolonial Criticism in that Euro-American imperialism and colonization in the last four centuries, whether external (empire) or internal (slavery) has been directed at recognizable ethnic groups: African The work of bell hooks is one of the points of intersection of the two fields.

We find an early attempt to theorize the position of African-Americans within white culture through his concept of double consciousness, a dual identity including both American and Negro. They want to understand how that double experience creates identity and reveals itself in culture.

The problems inherent in applying theoretical models derived from Euro-centric paradigms to minority works of literature have been brought to the attention of scholars and writers such as Henry Louis Gates. According to Said, the concept of the Orient was created by the “imaginative geography” of Western scholarship and has aided in the colonization and domination of non-Western societies. The historical center/margin direction of cultural inquiry is reversed by the theory of postcolonialism.

The thought of the center/margin, white/black, and colonizer/colonized has been questioned by theorists. The question of who speaks for the colonial “Other” and the relation of ownership of discourse and representation to the development of the postcolonial subjectivity has been focused on by the work of Gayatri C. Spivak. The inclusion of the marginalized literature of colonial peoples into the dominant canon and discourse is not the only goal of postcolonial criticism. There is a fundamental critique of the ideology of colonial domination and at the same time seeks to undo the “imaginative geography” of Orientalist thought that produced conceptual and economic divides between West and East, civilized and uncivilized, First and Third Worlds.

New perspectives have been brought to the role of colonial peoples in the development of modern European nation states. The rise of globalization of culture, including the neo-colonialism of multinational capitalism, suggests a continued relevance for this field of inquiry. The reemergence of political feminism in the United States and Western Europe in the 1960s was partly due to feminist gender theory. Feminist gender theory is postmodern in that it challenges the intellectual premises of western thought, but also takes an activist stance by proposing frequent interventions and other positions meant to change the social order.

The biological distinction between man and woman eventually came under scrutiny by theorists who concluded that the sexual categories are products of culture and that they help create social reality rather than simply reflect it. The idea of feminism in France is based on the idea that the Western tradition restricts the experience of women in the structure of its ideas.

Their work beyond the descriptive stage becomes an intervention in the history of theoretical discourse, an attempt to change the existing categories and systems of thought that found Western rationality. Such work lacks feminisms activist stance and tends to serve as an indictment rather than a validation of male gender practices. The so-called Men’s Movement, inspired by the work of Robert Bly among others, was more practical than theoretical and has had limited impact on gender discourse. Feminism and the upheaval of the 1960s resulted in a period of crisis in American social ideology that required a rethinking of gender roles.

The field of inquiry for male identity and masculine gender theory is no longer representative of Western thought, having long universally served as the defacto subject of Western thought. Stable boundaries of sexual identity are critiqued as an act by which queer becomes. The Queer theoretical movement is similar to the way Foucault prepared the ground for New Historicism by writing about sexuality. Homoerotic possibility is suppressed in order to make heterosexual identity a normative ground of sexuality.

What are the three parts of a literary analysis?

The elements that make up a literary work are closely looked at. Theme, character, and plot are some of the elements. Regardless of what aspect you choose to discuss, your analysis will focus on one controlling idea that, if written, can be stated in one direct sentence.

What are the 3 basic components of a literary analysis essay?

Your essay will consist of three parts: introduction, body and conclusion.

What are the parts of a literary analysis?

Plot, setting, characters, point of view, and style are some of the elements to be analyzed. This will be used in your paper.

What are the 3 main literary elements?

Plot, theme, character, and tone are literary elements. In contrast, literary techniques are not universal features of literature.

What are the steps of literary analysis?

  • The topic should be chosen.
  • The topic should be focused on.
  • Textual evidence should be gathered.
  • Introduce, Evidence, Analyze.
  • Conclusion.

It is guiding students slowly through the process of critical thinking and understanding literature.

Students’ critical thinking skills are developed through literary analysis. The analysis should come at the fourth level, right after comprehension and application. To help students discover literature on their own, the steps of the process need to be simplified. Most of the time a teacher is able to identify a relevant thesis for modern-day issues and concepts, as this aspect is vital to student understanding.

Most of the close reading will occur here, so collecting material to answer or support your question is a time-Consuming stage. This is where the teacher can have an honest discussion about digital citizenship and how to tell credible sources from non-credible ones. Show students that close reading and gathering evidence isn’t a boring task.

It’s important to give evidence that supports the main topic in order to convince the reader. Students summarize a piece of evidence with their own words. It’s important that the lesson is used as a reminder to give credit for words and ideas that belong to others. It is important for the class to hear about academic honesty.

The main ideas of the essay are outlined in a strong conclusion, but it also provides a solution to a real-life problem. Students should use the conclusion as an opportunity to give their own opinion on the text and their process of analyzing it. The self-reflection here would be important for teachers to assess the writing process and give feedback to the students.

Deborah W. Nason Writer. Twitter ninja. Wannabe organizer. Avid troublemaker. Bacon geek. Tv evangelist.

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