- An exposition. The beginning of the story is the exposition.
- The action is rising. The main problem or conflict can be revealed at that point.
- There is a climax.
- The action is falling.
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What are the 5 main plots?
- There is an exposition or introduction.
- The action is rising.
- There is a turning point.
- Falling action.
- It’s resolution/denouement.
Plot shows a specific cause-and-effect relationship between a sequence of major events in a narrative.
Authors tend to develop their plots in ways that are most likely to get the attention of the reader. In order to establish the course of events for the rest of the narrative, the primary conflict or tension around which the plot revolves is introduced here.
This could be the beginning of a murder mystery or the first meeting between two main characters. The primary conflict is built upon to create tension within the story and the reader, who should ideally be feeling more and more drawn to the text. The point at which the overarching conflict is finally addressed is the critical moment that all the rising action has been building up to.
We get a sense of what this means for the main characters and the world they are in when we see the results of the climax. Tom goes to jail and is shot and killed, Scout and Jem are attacked by Bob Ewell, who blames their father for making a fool out of him during the trial, and in To Kill a Mockingbird, we see the consequences of the trial. Unless the author is setting up the story for a sequel, the conflict from the climax has been resolved and all loose ends have been neatly tied up.
The reader feels that there is nothing more they can learn or gain from the narrative and there is a sense of finality. The family feud between the Capulets and the Montagues is finally put to an end in the end of the novel, after the deaths of the characters. The diagram begins with a flat horizontal line that shows a lack of tension and what is normal for the characters in the story. The peak or turning point of the story is when everything changes and the rising action is an indicator of this.
The falling action indicates a decline in tension and the end of the plot. Hamlet is sent to England but escapes execution and returns to his home country. The entire royal family died as a result of Hamlet’s actions.
Hamlet told Horatio to make Fortinbras the king of Danes and to share his story as he lay dying. A wealthy landlord and a wealthy landlord’s son meet with a wealthy landlord and a wealthy landlord’s son at a manor just a few miles away. After moving into the Grange, he asked the housekeeper to tell him the story of the Heights. Catherine and Edgar get married after Catherine ran away for three years because she was hurt and betrayed.
Catherine becomes sick, gives birth to a daughter and dies. Six months later, Lockwood goes back to see Nelly and learns that he has died, because he is tired of seeking revenge.
The Grange and the Heights will be passed on toCathy and Hareton when they get married. Carrie is an ostracized teenage girl who lives with her religious mother.
Carrie becomes frantic when she doesn’t know what menstruation is, and other students make fun of her and give her sanitary products. Sue asked her boyfriend, Tommy, to take Carrie to the prom because she felt remorseful. Carrie uses her telekinesis to start fires and kill everyone in sight after everybody laughs at her.
There are no other Carries, but we are shown a letter from a mother discussing her young daughter’s telekinetic abilities. A high school junior moves to live with her father in a remote town in Washington state. One day, Edward used his bare hands to stop a car from crushing Bella, making her realize that something is different about him. Edward and his family work hard to protect their daughter, but James tries to lure her to him by making her believe he has kidnapped her mother.
These events must be organized in a way that entices the reader, builds tension, and provides a resolution. What kinds of tone words you can use, how imagery works, what the big difference between a simile and a metaphor is, and how to write an epilogue are all things you will want to know.
What are the 5 elements of plot structure?
- It was an exposition. Your book’s introduction is where you introduce your characters, establish the setting and begin to introduce the primary conflict of your story.
- There is rising action.
- There was a moment of triumph.
- Falling action is what happened.
- There is a resolution and denouement.
It doesn’t matter if you have a strong idea, an incredible cast of characters, or an important message. You have written out the scenes that make up your story on individual note cards. A dog sees a squirrel, a boy crashes his bike, and a little girl falls over is not a plot.
A dog seeing a squirrel and its owner losing their leash causes the dog to run free, knocking over a little girl and causing a boy to crash his bike, which is a plot because the events connect together in a way that builds a story. Once you have your five plot points, it will be much easier to fill in the blanks, build your narrative structure, and organize your story as a whole. Many authors make the mistake of having too much information in their book.
As the story progresses, you will have multiple moments of conflict that escalate and create tension. The time is right to start resolving conflicts and subplots so your story doesn’t feel rushed in the last few chapters. The story of how Harry Potter ended up at the Dursley’s is told in the exposition. Harry finds out about his past and goes to school.
He fights a troll with Ron to save his friend, but it turns out to be a distraction. Harry believes he shouldn’t trust Professor Snape because he sees him fighting with another teacher.
It was necessary for Harry, Ron, and Hermione to overcome many obstacles to stop Snape from stealing the Sorcerer’s Stone. There is plenty of room within the plot structure to experiment and explore.
You will likely see a lot of similarities between the two, however the 3-act structure will provide more detail on how to build a story.
How many types of plot are there?
In The Basic Patterns of Plot, William Foster Harris suggests that the three plot types are happy ending, unhappy ending, and tragedy. What are the differences between the second and third types?
What are the 6 types of plot?
- Rags to Riches is a song.
- The book is called “riches to Rags”
- There is a man in a hole.
- Icarus (fall, then rise)
- Cinderella is Rise, Fall, Rise.
- The fall, rise, and fall are referred to as the Oedipus.
What are they similar to when it comes to writing fiction? Modern research shows that stories are merely imitations of events that happen in real life.
There are stories under the umbrella of drama. If we graph life’s fortunes and misfortunes over time, we get a curve. One with large rising and falling trends, with small ups and downs throughout.
Thinking of stories as snapshots of your characters’ imagined dramatic curves can help you make larger decisions like: is it a comedy or a tragedy? There are smaller trials within the larger trends. The dramatic curve of life is not neat. A college student may struggle in school, but she has a great relationship with her family.
If the dramatic event we want to write about happens at school, the good or bad fortune we illustrate her has to relate to her time at college. The implication is that we wouldn’t start a story with a character of average or moderate fortune. It helps to start with a man who has been fired from every job and is desperate for money.
All their immediate problems are solved when they win a sign-twirling competition. This is a comedy because it makes people say, “life is funny that way, isn’t it?” We don’t want to start the stories with a character of regular fortune.
The beginning of the story should show someone who is proud of their accomplishments. They were valedictorian, captain of the football team, and loving family, until they got addicted to Xanax. The simpler stories start in a valley of fortune and end in the opposite direction. The Man in a Hole and Icarus plots involve a larger section or scope of the dramatic curve.
He was made out of wax by his father, who used to fly free. A stroke of misfortune causes them to fall back down the curve. The curves of these stories are not as lucky as they start. The characters in Man in a Hole stories will have learned from their experience.
She accidentally left her glass slipper behind when she ran away from the ball, but the prince was able to decipher who she was. They have just gone through a terrible tragedy such as a mother dying and then being forced to live with an evil step- mother and step sisters. Life changing events in Cinderella stories include falling in love with a prince, winning a championship, and landing a record deal. There is a heavy loss somewhere in the middle of the plots.
The opportunity seemed to disappear when the clock hit midnight. Imagine if they lost the chance of a record deal because they had to miss a rehearsal because of their daughter’s illness.
They are only going to that rehearsal because they need the money to take care of their sick daughter. A life change leads to a higher level of fortune. Though it wasn’t won without hard work, the producer cuts the rapper the record deal of a lifetime after they’re moved by what they hear.
He was given up as a baby by his father because of a prophecy that he would kill him. The prophecy foretold that he would kill his father and have sex with his mother, so his parents gave him up. He worked hard to change his fortune and become the King. The dramatic event in question requires them to work towards it in the fall.
In Cinderella stories, the fall in fortune is due to the main character’s initial plan going awry. He worked hard to overcome the distant life of a man at sea and to show his wife he cares about her when he is gone. The sailor thinks things couldn’t get better when their adopted son is interested in sailing. His wife is still scarred from the opening tragedy, and she argues that boats are not a good place for young boys.
This worry and badmouthing of the man’s profession and passion causes a rift between the couple. The child who the sailor thinks would save their marriage is the one who leads them to divorce.
A stock market graph of rises and falls is what we get when we map life’s ups and downs over time. All characters have an imagined curve of life that is outside of the plot we write them through.
A plot is a snapshot of a character’s imagined dramatic curve. A larger section of a character’s dramatic curve is often covered by more complex stories.
Understanding the dramatic curve and typical arcs of stories can help you feel out and discover your story’s natural beginning, dramatic turns, and ending.