The author’s purpose is the reason they wrote the piece. The purpose is usually to persuade, inform, entertain or a combination of these things. Understanding the author’s purpose can help you better understand the content.
- Start with a reason. The core question is, “Why did the author write this piece?”.
- Talk about structure.
- Get to the lungs.
- Students have their own writing.
- Look at how purpose changes within a text.
If you teach students about author’s purpose, they already know about the acronym PIE and cutesy anchor charts. The reasons that authors write nonfiction are often more nuanced.
Understanding exactly why authors write is a key skill. As students read, they will need to figure out the author’s purpose, identify bias, and draw their own conclusions. These five strategies will teach students how to figure out why authors write.
A list of facts may be used to make the reader feel frustrated. As they develop as readers and consumers of information, your students need to learn how to evaluate bias, since they may take every nonfiction reading at face value. Authors choose the best evidence to make their case when they are writing.
If an author is writing in support of keeping horse-drawn buggies in New York City legal, they may include examples of the benefits and leave out the drawbacks. Students should pull out the names and titles of people cited in an article.
Statistics, images, facts, graphics, and other numbers can be pulled out to show another picture of how the author is thinking.
An author’s purpose is his purpose in writing. An author’s purpose may be to amuse the reader, to persuade the reader, to inform the reader, or to satirize a condition.
- The Common Core Standards Author has a purpose.
- The standard:
Common Core Standards Author’s purpose and message grade: 5th grade standard Description: Analyze an author’s purpose and perspective in an informational text The author’s purpose and message should be explained within a text; Start practicing! An author could be teaching a life lesson or describing a procedure. An author might want to entertain readers with a good story and teach them a life lesson.
- It was persuade.
- It’s fun.
- Inform, that’s what I’m going to do.
- There is a persuade.
- It is necessary to entertain.
- The author’s purpose was persuade. This is a very common purpose of writing.
- The author purpose is to inform.
- The author’s purpose is EntertAIN.
- The purpose of the author’s fourth book is EXPLAIN.
If the student is to effectively evaluate a piece of writing, they need to be able to identify the author’s purpose accurately. Depending on who you talk to, you can be quoted a number between 3 and 7.
In the interest of covering the topic a little more comprehensively, we will define 5 different types of author’s purpose, look at some examples of each in use, and give a few pointers helpful in identifying them. A proven resource based on research skills, writing strategies and engaging content can be found in this editable PowerPoint bundle.
A text will try to convince the reader of a certain point of view. The author will try to convince the reader to agree with the point of view and then take a course of action. They should learn to identify the various tactics and strategies used in persuasive writing, such as repetition, various types of supporting evidence, hyperbole, attacking opposing viewpoints, forceful phrases, emotive imagery and photographs.
In books written to entertain, things happen in the form of an action-packed plot, inventive characterizations, or sharp dialogue. When a writer is attempting to entertain or amuse the reader they will use a variety of techniques. Writing that explains can be found in instructions, step-by-step guides, procedural outlines, and recipes. A lot of descriptive writing can be found in obvious places like short stories, novels and other forms of fiction where the writer wishes to paint a picture in the reader’s imagination.
The reader will notice the writer uses a lot of sensory details in the text. Compiling the anchor chart with the students can be an effective way to reinforce learning.
Challenging students to identify and collect real-life examples of the various types of writing as homework can be a great way for them to practice. If you are focused on persuading, you could challenge the students to produce a script for a radio advertisement.
It is important that they recognize the various features of different types of writing that reveal to the reader the purpose of the writing. The process of learning to identify the different types of writing will require focus on the part of the student. Asking students what the author’s purpose is when reading any text in any context can be a great way to get their attention quickly and frequently. Students will begin to see the author’s purpose in the writing of others.
Students looking for a simple visual breakdown of what the author’s purpose is and how it can impact their approach to writing and assessment should watch this video. No matter what type of nonfiction text they are being asked to produce, they can reproduce the process. As literacyideas.com continues to grow and evolve into one of the most popular websites for teachers and students to improve reading and writing skills, we are constantly revising and adding content to meet your needs. A former principal of an international school with 15 years of teaching and administration experience.