Whenever and wherever you use the information in your paper, you must cite it. When citing sources in the body of your paper, list the author’s last name and the year the information was published, like this: The author’s date is 25 okt. There is a new year in 2021.
What do I need to reference in an essay?
- If it is used in a way that is unique to the source, you can quote two or more words verbatim.
- When you introduce facts that have been found in a source.
- Translating ideas, interpretations, or conclusions that you find in a source is when you paraphrase or summarize.
They would credit Mark Twain with saying, “The coldest winter I ever spent was a summer in San Francisco.”
You know that you don’t need to cite words that are very common to your topic. When a single word is used in a distinctive way, and the author is applying it to a new topic, you must acknowledge the source. It is clear that those two words, as specialized terms of art, should appear in your quotation marks when John Baker redefines the significance of the mirror test. You should put the single word in quotation marks in your first mention of it in your text if you use an influential publication.
The date of the Declaration of Independence doesn’t need to be cited to a particular source, but once you go up one level of detail on the information ladder you probably need to cite the source. The simplest way to do this is to say that the three experiments carried out by X, Y, and Z groups are useful in considering the extent of chimpanzee awareness. To distinguish the different use to which you will put the analysis is an even better way. Gordon Harvey, Writing With Sources, Chapter 3 discusses unfair borrowing of another’s plan.
Credit the original researcher if your approach to a problem is inspired by someone else’s work. Building on the work of others is appropriate and desirable but methods, like specific words and phrases, are intellectual property. If you and your partner present a scene from a play, and later write a paper using some of the insights you gained during production, you should credit the other actor.
University life is structured so that you get constant testing for your ideas. You need to make a judgement about which conversations are important and which are unimportant. You will develop a sense of how to credit collaboration appropriately if you take this warning as an opportunity to reveal the trail of your thinking in footnotes and acknowledgements.
How do you properly reference?
- If it’s available, it’s the author.
- It was a year of publication.
- The title is between single quotation marks.
- The newspaper title is italics.
- If given, the day, month, page number and any additional information is the date of the article.
- The date you accessed the items is the day month year.
The full text of journals articles, newspapers, and other publications can be accessed through the library. They can be accessed through either the Library Resource Database or the MyCourse materials.
There are full text databases available. PDF articles are usually the ones retrieved from databases and have page numbers.
Lee, C 2005, ‘Beyond the Pink: (Post) Youth Iconography in Cinema’, PhD thesis, Murdoch University, was accessed on June 15, 2007.